Also know as art of pop culture - was an art movement that started in the mid 1950s in Great Britain and USA. Although Pop Art started in Britain, it is essentially an American movement. Both, British and American Pop Art have their roots in Dada. In addition to being influenced by Dada, American Pop Art was reaction against Abstract Expressionist. Pop Art included different styles of painting and sculpture but all had a common interest in mass-media, mass-production and mass-culture.
In 1957 pop artist Richard Hamilton listed the ‘characteristics of pop art’ in a letter to his friends the architects Peter and Alison Smithson:
”Pop Art is: Popular (designed for a mass audience), Transient (short-term solution), Expendable (easily forgotten), Low cost, Mass produced, Young (aimed at youth), Witty, Sexy, Gimmicky, Glamorous, Big business”.
The most famous artists in British Pop Art:
Eduardo Paolozzi, Peter Blake, David Hockney, Allen Jones, Joe Tilson, Derek Boshier, Richard Smith and R.B Kitaj.
The most famous artists in American Pop Art were:
Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, James Rosenquist and Claes Oldenburg.
Richard Hamilton was born in 1922 in London. Hamilton was an important member of the Independent Group who met at the ICA in the 1950s. He was the first artist to use the word in a painting. His work Just What Is It That Makes Today’s Homes So Different, So Appealing? inspired many artists such like Warhol, Lichtenstein, Wesselmann and Oldenburg.
Warhol was born in 1928, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He was an American artist, director and producer who was a leading figure in pop art. His most famous pieces include the Campbell's Soup Cans (1962), Coca-Cola (1962), Gold Marilyn Monroe (1962), Sleep (1963) and Orange Car Crash Fourteen Times (1963). Andy Warhol ran a famous studio in New York called The Factory. He has created a total of 10 000 art works.